Heat Capacity and Glass Transition of Crystalline Pentachloronitrobenzene

Zhi-Cheng TAN, Yasuhiro NAKAZAWA, Kazuya SAITO and Michio Sorai

The heat capacity of crystalline pentachloronitrobenzene was measured by adiabatic calorimetry between 6 and 303 K. A large step in heat capacity was detected around 185 K; this is attributed to a glass transition corresponding to freezing of structural disorder. The observed glass transition temperature was similar to that estimated from the temperature dependence of the dielectric relaxation due to molecular reorientation around the "sixfold axis" of the benzene core.
(Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 74, 1221-1224 (2001))

Apparent Violation of the Third Law without a Detectable Glass Transition in Simple Molecular Solids: Calorimetric Entropy of p-Bromochlorobenzenea

Yoshitaka TOZUKA, Hiroki AKUTSU, Yasuhisa YAMAMURA, Kazuya SAITO and Michio SORAI

The heat capacities of crystalline and liquid p-bromochlorobenzene were measured by adiabatic calorimetry between 6 K and 350 K. The crystal melts at 337.99 K with an enthalpy and an entropy of fusion of 18390 J mol-1 and 55.41 J K-1 mol-1, respectively. Neither an ordering phase transition nor a glass transition was detected in the solid state, contrary to an expectation based on the apparent symmetry of the molecule at room temperature due to an orientational disorder. The calorimetric entropy of the gas was estimated using the vapor pressure data. A comparison with spectroscopic entropy based on a quantum chemical calculation shows that the PBCB crystal has a residual entropy of about Rln2 (R: gas constant), which is compatible with the orientational disorder at room temperature. The absence of a sizeable anomaly due to a glass transition suggests two possibilities: an undetectably small thermal anomaly around the glass transition, or a glass-transition temperature higher than the temperature of fusion.
(Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 73, 2279-2282 (2000))

Thermodynamic Study of a Phase Transition between the Ordered and Disordered Phases and Orientational Disorder in Crystalline p-Chloronitrobenzene

  Yoshitaka TOZUKA, Yasuhisa YAMAMURA, Kazuya SAITO and Michio SORAI

Heat capacities of the disordered and ordered crystalline phases of p-chloronitorobenzene were measured by adiabatic calorimetry between 6 K and 303 K. The disordered phase stable at room temperature shows a glass transition around 245 K, which arises from the freezing of molecular reorientation as evidenced from the magnitude of the residual entropy. The ordered phase that is stable below 279 K was obtained through annealing the disordered phase around 260 K for a long time. The thermodynamic quantities concerning the first-order phase transition between the ordered and disordered phases were determined as Ttrs = 279.0 K, DeltatrsH = (4468 +- 5) J mol-1 and DeltatrsS = (16.01 +- 0.05) J K-1 mol-1. Standard thermodynamic functions are tabulated.
(J. Chem. Phys., 112, 2355-2360 (2000))

See also Low Energy Excitation in Disordered Molecular Solids
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