X-ray Study of Molecular Association in Alcohols Having Bulky Substituents
Kazuya SAITO, Mafumi HISHIDA, Kent KOIKE, Shigenori NAGATOMO and Yasuhisa YAMAMURA
The formation of globular associate on cooling, which was previously claimed on the basis of small dielectric constant, is supported through measuring X-ray scattering from dicyclohexylmethanol (DCHM). Radial distribution function of the DCHM molecules exhibits strong temperature dependence between 65 deg C and 130 deg C in contrast to a little change in that of tricyclohexylmethanol (TCHM), which is similar to DCHM but essentially non-associating in experimental conditions (95 deg C - 160 deg C).
(Chem. Phys. Lett., 673, 74-77 (2017))
Cyclic Oligomers via Hydrogen Bonds in Organic Liquids
Shigenori NAGATOMO, Yasuhisa YAMAMURA and Kazuya SAITO
Molecular association is ubiquitous in hydrogen-bonding (H-bonding) liquids and is believed to play crucial roles in the determination of their physical properties. Although systems consisting of small and simple molecules are generally preferable for
detailed studies from the basic point of view, this is not the case here because such molecules possibly form extending network
and/or chains through H-bonds, thus resulting in complexity and difficulty. Based on a thermodynamic discussion, a simple model is
proposed of associating liquids in which small cyclic oligomers are preferably formed. Characteristic temperature dependences in
thermodynamic, dielectric and spectroscopic (FT-IR and 1H NMR) properties of liquids of some alcohols with bulky substituents are
well described by the model.
(Netsu Sokutei (Calorim. Therm. Anal.), 40, 107-113 (2013), account in Japanese)
Identification of Hydrogen-Bonded Oligomers in Associating Liquid by 1H NMR: 1-Phenyl-1-cyclohexanol
Shigenori NAGATOMO, Megumi NOBUHIRA, Masato SUMITA,Yasuhisa YAMAMURA and Kazuya SAITO
Non-monotonous temperature dependence, which suggests formation of closed oligomer(s) via hydrogen-bonds, is detected in heat capacity and dielectric constant of the title compound in the liquid state. The 1H NMR signal of hydroxyl protons showed a temperature-dependent fine structure. Quantum-chemical calculations on oligomers of several types revealed that the fine structure is plausibly interpreted as a temperature-dependent formation/destruction of oligomers. A coherent analysis of calorimetric, FT-IR, dielectric and 1H NMR results shows that the neat liquid of the title compound consists mostly of closed (square) tetramers via H-bonds at lower temperatures, and oligomers with open (or straight) H-bonding and non H-bonding (monomer) at higher temperature.
(Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 86, 569-576 (2013))
Calorimetric Study of Glass Transition in Molecular Liquids Consisting of Globular Associates: Dicyclorohexylmethanol and Tricyclohexylmethanol
Yasuhisa YAMAMURA, Yu-ta SUZUKI, Masato SUMITA and Kazuya SAITO
Heat capacities of liquids and liquid quenched glasses (LQG) of dicyclorohexylmethanol (DCHM) and tricyclohexylmethanol (TCHM) were measured by adiabatic calorimetry. Upon cooling the liquid compounds, they undergo glass transitions around 250 K and 265 K, respectively. Temperature dependence of the FT-IR spectrum of TCHM liquid showed the gradual formation of dimers in supercooled liquid with decreasing temperature. The magnitude of heat capacity jump at glass transition is discussed through a comparison with other low-molecular mass LQG. Combining the present results with previous heat capacity results on crystalline TCHM, residual entropies of LQG and standard thermodynamic quantities are established for both compounds.
(J. Phys. Chem. B, 116, 3938-3943 (2012))
Nonmonotonous temperature dependence was detected in the heat capacity and dielectric constant of the title compound in the liquid state. A coherent analysis of FT-IR spectra, heat capacity, and dielectric constants shows that the neat liquid at low temperatures consists of closed (square) tetramers via H-bonds.
(J. Phys. Chem. B, 113, 10077-10080 (2009))
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